Bright lights, noises and even smells can be problematic for patients with migraine. Migraine usually begins on one side of the head, however, sometimes it includes the entire head.1
Migraines comes in 3 types: 1
· Migraine with aura, where symptoms starts about a half-hour before the onset of migraine. Aura is usually a visual disturbance (flashing lights, bright spots) that lasts about 15 minutes. Alarming signs might also include tingling in the hand, tongue, or side of the face.1 Sufferers might have nausea and vomiting with their headache.
· Migraine aura without headache, where migraine symptoms occur, but a headache does not develop.2
· Migraine without aura, which is more common migraine as it occurs in almost 80 percent of sufferers.1
Several medication are available to relieve symptoms of migraine, these include painkillers, triptans, anti-emetics to relieve feeling of nausea. Lying down in a dark room during the attack can also help.2
1. West A, Sanders S. Managing Migraine; How to prevent and control Migraine Headache. 2006, 1-37. Available at: https://www.acponline.org/patients_families/pdfs/health/migraine.pdf last accessed: 3/6/2015.
Overview: Migraine. NHS. 2019 Available at: https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/migraine/ Last accessed: 25/06/2019