One of the most frequent medical conditions causing Vertigo symptom is Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV).
This disorder leads to a sudden mild to intensive sensation of dizziness. BPPV is not a life threatening condition; however, it occurs due to a sudden change of head position which leads to spinning and rotation sensation. 1,2,3
The disease mechanism takes place in the inner ears. It results from the aggregation of some crystals of calcium carbonate in the inner ears canals, these interfere with the fluid flow. Upon sudden head rotation, false signals are sent to the brain causing this sense of imbalance. 1,2,3
This disorder may be associated with some symptoms such as; Dizziness, nausea, vomiting & a loss of balance. The duration of the Vertigo attacks may typically last for less than few minutes and then it goes away then recurrent again.1,2,3
Luckily, symptoms have a tendency to decline by time as the brain slowly adapts to the abnormal signals it is receiving, or because it naturally resolves. If the condition persists, the doctor might need to help by performing a maneuver that moves the crystals to a position where the body can get rid of them.2,3
1. Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). Myoclinic. 2018 Available at https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/vertigo/symptoms-causes/syc-20370055 Last accessed:24/6/2019
2. Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo. vestibular Disorders Association Available at https://vestibular.org/understanding-vestibular-disorders/types-vestibular-disorders/benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo / Last accessed:24/6/2019
3. What is benign paroxysmal positional vertigo. WebMed. 2019 Available at https://www.webmd.com/brain/benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo#1/ Last accessed:24/6/2019